In industry, the term fabrication refers to the building of structures, machines or other equipment by stamping, cutting, shaping, joining and assembling components from raw materials. These raw materials are usually metals. Typically, a fabrication operation also involves welding. A professional fabrication and welding business can perform many complex activities including:

  • Cutting
  • Burning
  • Bending
  • Wheeling
  • Shearing
  • Folding
  • Forming
  • Punching
  • Milling
  • Tapping
  • Turning
  • Welding
  • Soldering

Welding is usually a major part of metal fabrication. In fact most formed parts and assemblies will be tack welded together prior to being checked for accuracy and fit. Welding is a fabrication method that is essentially about the joining together of metals or thermoplastics by causing coalescence. Coalescence is usually achieved by melting the parts and adding a filler material. This filler material becomes the weld pool and when cooled the weld pool becomes an extremely sturdy joint referred to as the weld. The process of welding is different than brazing or soldering which does not actually cause melting of the initial components but rather the melting of a material between the components in order to form a bond between them.

In addition to the typical gas flame that comes to mind for most people, welding can be accomplished with a variety of different forms of energy including lasers, electric arc, electron beams, friction and ultrasound. Welding is a skilled operation that requires professional expertise and several different safety precautions. Inexperienced welders can easily fall victim to burns, shocks, eye damage and injury from fumes.

There are many different types of welding. Forge welding was first used in Blacksmith shops. Today, shielded metal arc welding is the most common form of welding used. Other commonly used types of welding involve semi and fully automated processes such as gas metal arc welding and flux-cored arc welding. As technology advances so do the welding systems used. Newer welding systems include laser beam welding and electron beam welding.

When it comes to industrial machines, there are many possible configurations and build-out options that require welding or fabrication. Bay Industrial Group’s experienced team of project managers, fabricators, welders and automation designers work directly with businesses in a variety of different industries to help them locate problems and define solutions to help their businesses run more efficiently. For more information on how Bay Industrial Group can assist your business with all of its welding and fabrication needs, please contact them today.

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